Insecticiden

Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Farmers Associated with Organophosphorus Pesticide Exposure

This study aims to determine the degree of acetylcholinesterase inhibition and neurological symptoms for each of the psychiatric disorders diagnosed in the farm workers of a rural population in the state of Baja California, Mexico. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 140 agricultural workers (exposed participants). The study was run using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Diagnostic Test (MINI), a pre-established questionnaire to diagnose the mental state of each agricultural worker. Analysis of enzymatic activity was carried out using the modified Ellman method.

Occupational Pesticide Exposure and Symptoms of ADHD in Adolescent Pesticide Applicators in Egypt

We examined the association between exposure to chlorpyrifos and ADHD symptoms among adolescents in Egypt. Adolescent pesticide applicators and non-applicators, 12-21 years old, participated in a 10-month longitudinal study examining health effects from pesticide exposure. Repeated urine and blood samples were collected at various time points during the 10-months to assess biomarkers of chlorpyrifos exposure (urinary trichloro-2-pyridinol or TCPy) and effect (blood acetyl cholinesterase activity and butyryl cholinesterase activity).

Ecological risks of insecticide contamination in water and sediment around off-farm irrigated rice paddy fields

The ecological impacts of insecticides in aquatic areas around agricultural lands have long been ignored in the regulation scheme of pesticides in Japan. Upon the scheme, the predicted concentration of an insecticide in the main stream of a river is the only parameter considered, suggesting that the ecological impacts of insecticides on local biodiversity around agricultural fields is underestimated. To fill this knowledge gap, we measured insecticide concentrations in surface water and sediment in aquatic areas around paddy fields at 35 locations across Japan.

'Catastrophe' as France's bird population collapses due to pesticides

Bird populations across the French countryside have fallen by a third over the last decade and a half, researchers have said. Dozens of species have seen their numbers decline, in some cases by two-thirds, the scientists said in a pair of studies – one national in scope and the other covering a large agricultural region in central France. “The situation is catastrophic,” said Benoit Fontaine, a conservation biologist at France’s National Museum of Natural History and co-author of one of the studies.

Harmful pesticides found in the St. Lawrence River and its tributaries

Harmful pesticides such as glyphosate, atrazine and neonicotinoids were found in nearly all samples of water from the St. Lawrence River and its tributaries, with many samples containing levels higher than the guideline to protect aquatic life, according to new research. The St. Lawrence River is one of North America's major water systems—draining a 500,000 square mile watershed that contains the Great Lakes. "The freshwater inputs of the St. Lawrence provide a source of drinking water production for more than half of the population of the province of Quebec," the authors wrote.

Researchers to study link between prenatal pesticide exposures and childhood ADHD

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 6.1 million children have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as of 2016. Symptoms of ADHD include trouble concentrating, paying attention, staying organized and remembering details. Melissa Furlong, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow and epidemiologist in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences at the University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, will study the link between prenatal and childhood pesticides and childhood ADHD.

The swifts are in freefall since the introduction of neonicotinoids

It is the most miraculous bird, the ultimate winged messenger, exploring our globe, spending its life on the breeze. Sickle-shaped wings silhouetted against the sky, the swift (Apus apus) is the fastest of all birds in level flight and remains entirely airborne for 10 months, or more, feeding, sleeping and mating on the wing. These long-lived creatures can clock up 4 million miles, commuting between English summers and African winters.

Verhogen pesticiden het risico op autisme?

Wetenschappelijke bewijzen stapelen zich op: bepaalde pesticiden lijken het risico op autisme te verhogen. Het is zaak te achterhalen hoe dat precies in zijn werk gaat. In de Verenigde Staten wordt één kind op 59 geboren met autisme. De cijfers dateren van 2018 en zijn twintig procent hoger dan in 2016. In sommige staten, zoals New Jersey, waar de diagnostische methodes bijzonder efficiënt zijn, heeft zelfs één kind op 34 de ontwikkelingsstoornis. Meer dan de helft van hen heeft een IQ onder de 85, wat op het randje is van een intellectuele stoornis.

Schwere Zeiten für Schwalben

Eigentlich haben die Mehlschwalben alles richtig gemacht: Als typische Kulturfolger haben sie sich den Menschen angepasst und brüten an deren Häusern unter Dachvorsprüngen statt an eher seltenen Felsstandorten. Doch immer mehr Menschen stören sich am Kot und am Brutgeschehen der Vögel, die eigentlich als Glücks- und Frühlingsboten gelten und entfernen unerlaubterweise die Nester, sobald das Haus neu gestrichen oder umgebaut wird.